Please consult your physician before taking any medication. Cipro XR 1g 7 Tabs Generic Name: ciprofloxacin (sip row FLOX a sin) Brand Names: Cipro, Cipro XR What is Cipro XR (ciprofloxacin)? Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones. Ciprofloxacin fights bacteria in the body. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin may also be used for purposes other than those listed here.